Cyber attacks on power grids

Kiseloski, Goce and Blazevski, Dobre and Pachovski, Veno (2017) Cyber attacks on power grids. In: PROCEEDINGS of the 14th Conference on Informatics and Information Technology. Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Macedonia, Skopje, Macedonia, pp. 87-92. ISBN 978-608-4699-07-1


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Electricity plays a very important role in today’s world. Functioning of the military, medical and home appliances, computers and lap-tops depend on electricity. Electric power runs banks, industries, factories, hospitals, governmental facilities, water supply systems. Therefore, it is safe to conclude that power plants and power grids play important role in the modern society. Lack of electrical power will affect more than one segment in the society, since these segments are all connected in some way. Therefore, long term power failure will have cascade effect and will have very big impact on the society. Hacking attacks on Ukraine power grid proved that cyber threats can cause black-out for longer periods of time. Usually, attackers plan attacks from outside via Internet, but they can plan attack from the inside as well by using insiders. Typical question is how safe power plants (and power grids) are from the hacker attacks and its answer is very important for every country. In order to answer this question it is very important to consider how we control and command our power plants and our power distribution network, communication channels and most importantly, how secure communication channels are? Therefore, this paper discusses SCADA and VPN based vulnerabilities. In addition, publically available information regarding control, command and communications exposes data attackers can use. We found that such information is available on Internet for 40% of Balkan countries. At the end recommendations are given to mitigate some of the vulnerabilities.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: International Conference on Informatics and Information Technologies > Parallel Processing
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International Conference on Informatics and Information Technologies > Computer networks
Depositing User: Vangel Ajanovski
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2017 18:32
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2017 18:32

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